ADHD & Other Behaviour Disorders

What is ADHD?

ADHDADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) is one of the most common neuro-behavioural disorders in childhood. Children with ADHD have difficulty with attention, hyperactivity, impulsivity and behavioural problems. Much of what is written about ADHD is the subject of debate.  The wider medical and scientific community generally agrees that ADHD is a condition that can be broken down into three sub-categories:

  • ADHD inattentive type
  • ADHD hyperactive or impulsive type
  • ADHD combined type

Generally an ADHD child will be diagnosed with one of the above three depending on their symptoms.

Inattentive Type

Symptoms of inattentive type ADHD include:

  • inability to pay attention to details or a tendency to make careless errors in schoolwork or other activities
  • difficulty with sustained attention in tasks or play activities
  • apparent listening problems
  • difficulty following instructions
  • problems with organisation
  • avoidance or dislike of tasks that require mental effort
  • tendency to lose things like toys, notebooks, or homework
  • easily distracted
  • forgetfulness in daily activities

Hyperactive or Impulsive Type

Symptoms of hyperactive or impulsive type ADHD include:

  • fidgeting or squirming
  • difficulty remaining seated
  • excessive running or climbing
  • difficulty playing quietly
  • always seeming to be “on the go”
  • excessive talking
  • blurting out answers before hearing the full question
  • difficulty waiting for a turn or in line
  • problems with interrupting or intruding

Combined Type

Combined type ADHD involves a combination of the other two types and is the most common.

Prevalence

Nobody knows the exact number of children with ADHD in New Zealand. According to the American Psychiatric Association, 9% of U.S. adolescents have ADHD and the average age of diagnosis is 7 years old. For reasons unknown, ADHD is 3 to 4 times more likely to occur in males than females.

Onset & duration

The onset of symptoms is early in childhood, before 7 years of age (generally noticeable at 4-5 years). These symptoms continue into adulthood for approximately 75% of ADHD sufferers, although levels of hyperactivity may decrease with age.

Cause

While most experts agree that the condition is primarily biological in nature, there is no agreement as to cause.

Researchers have suggested that genetics may be responsible for some cases of ADHD, but non-genetic factors (such as exposure to toxins or episodes of oxygen deprivation) have also been indentified as possible causal factors.

Co-morbidity

Co-morbidity refers to the child having additional problems as well as ADHD. Up to 66% of children diagnosed with ADHD have additional problems. 30-50% will have conduct disorder (CD), and 20-25% will have anxiety issues. Generally, 20-30% of ADHD children also have learning problems and up to 30% have delayed motor development.

Diagnosis

Currently, a diagnosis depends on a complete evaluation. To be considered for a diagnosis of ADHD:

  • a child must display behaviours from one of the three subtypes before age 7
  • these behaviours must be more severe than in other kids the same age
  • the behaviours must last for at least 6 months
  • the behaviours must occur in and negatively affect at least two areas of a child’s life (such as school, home, daycare settings, or friendships)

The behaviours must also not only be linked to stress at home. Children who have experienced a divorce, a move, an illness, a change in school, or other significant life event may suddenly begin to act out or become forgetful. To avoid a misdiagnosis, it’s important to consider whether these factors played a role in the onset of symptoms.

ABL Psychological Services Ltd

A one stop place for Dyslexia, ADHD, ADD, Autism and other learning and behavioural difficulties, helping children and youth to realise their strengths and deal with barriers.

Locations

  • East Auckland
  • South Auckland

Specialities

  • ADHD & Other Behaviour Disorders
  • Anxiety, Fears & Phobias
  • Behaviour Assessment Services
  • Family Relationships
  • Learning assessment services
Click Here

Ultimate Transformations Ltd

Ultimate Transformations is an Educational Consultancy, Coaching and Training Organisation committed to inspiring students with learning difficulties to rediscover the joy of learning and be successful lifelong learners. Our coaching is deeper in scope than tutoring as we use holistic interventions that include self-awareness, executive functioning and emotional self-regulation skills in addition to teaching academic skills.

Locations

  • Hamilton
  • Waikato

Specialities

  • ADHD & Other Behaviour Disorders
  • Reading
  • Testing for Learning Concerns
  • Writing and Spelling
Click Here

Aurora Associates

I offer you brief or long term interventions for children, adolescents and adults. Assisting with a range of life challenges, I help create a new outlook on life.

Location

  • West Auckland

Specialities

  • ADHD & Other Behaviour Disorders
  • Anxiety, Fears & Phobias
  • Behaviour Concerns
  • Family Relationships
Click Here

Shore Therapy

Shore Therapy offers both long & short-term psychotherapy & counselling to children & families who are seeking a safe & professional space to explore & discover patterns of behaviour, thoughts & emotions, which affect their wellbeing.

Location

  • North Shore

Specialities

  • ADHD & Other Behaviour Disorders
  • Anger
  • Anxiety, Fears & Phobias
  • Bullying
  • Family Relationships
  • Parenting Skills
Click Here

Healyx Psychology

Healyx Psychology helps children, adolescents and their parents to understand and identify the challenges they face and then provide recommendations to address these challenges in both home and school settings. Helping with strategies and plans that will support positive growth, improved learning and development of your child.

Locations

  • Hamilton
  • Rodney

Specialities

  • ADHD & Other Behaviour Disorders
  • Anxiety, Fears & Phobias
  • Testing for Learning Concerns
Click Here

Indigo

We provide assistance for children, young people and adults with learning, behavioural, emotional and cognitive needs. Our services cover a broad range of abilities and difficulties from struggling learners to giftedness; emotional issues and behavioural concerns. We provide assessments, strategies and support to overcome these difficulties.

Location

  • North Shore

Specialities

  • ADHD & Other Behaviour Disorders
  • Anxiety, Fears & Phobias
  • Social Skills
  • Special Exam / Assessment Conditions
  • Testing for Behaviour Concerns
  • Testing for Learning Concerns
  • Testing for Special Abilities
Click Here

Claire Ashmore

Claire is a licensed Davis Programme Facilitator giving your child increased confidence and unlocking their potential, so they have the freedom to be everything they are capable of being. Helping children living with dyslexia and related conditions eliminating the frustration, stress and anxiety this can bring by addressing the root cause of learning challenges and teaching strategies that enable successful learning.

Locations

  • Cambridge
  • Waikato

Specialities

  • ADHD & Other Behaviour Disorders
  • Testing for Learning Concerns
  • Writing and Spelling
Click Here

Totally Psyched

Totally Psyched offers a friendly, supportive team of mental health professionals with solid credentials and evidence based practice to address a wide range of mental health challenges for children, adolescents & families.

Location

  • North Shore

Specialities

  • ADHD & Other Behaviour Disorders
  • Anxiety, Fears & Phobias
  • Depression & Mood
Click Here