Physical Challenges

Brain injury

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Brain injuries have a life-long impact on the child and their family.

They can be caused in a number of ways, including accidents and illnesses. The severity of the resulting impairment and ability to recover depend on the extent and location of the injury.

Co-ordination, motor skills & mobility

The ability to control our body’s movement is an important part of everyday life. For young people with coordination and mobility issues, they may be more prone to accidents and struggle with normally simple tasks. Gross motor skills, such as standing and walking, require the movement of large muscle groups or the whole body. These are typically learned by a child in the early stages of their development.

Fine motor skills involve the coordination of smaller muscles to produce precise movements. Neat handwriting is often a difficult task to master for people with poor fine motor skills.


Eighty percent of a child’s learning is done visually. If they are having difficulties with their eyesight, this can impact their ability and motivation to learn. Uncorrected visual problems may be holding your child back from reaching their full potential.


When children and young people have difficulties listening, either because of a hearing or auditory processing problem, their ability to learn and interact with others may be impaired. Even minimal hearing loss can have a disproportionate effect on learning. A normal hearing test result does not necessarily mean that hearing is not an issue as processing difficulties, which are more difficult to detect, may be responsible for hearing difficulties.

Sensory Processing Disorders

SPDs arise when the brain is unable to properly integrate sensory signals to form the appropriate responses. This can result in a wide range of difficulties when processing information from a variety of different senses. Sensory Processing Disorders may lead to learning, physical and emotional problems.