Learning disabilities which are disorders in one or more of the basic processes involved in understanding spoken or written language. It may show up as a problem in listening, thinking, speaking and communicating, reading and spelling, handwriting or in a person's ability to do maths, despite at least average intelligence.
Gifted & talented refers those who have outstanding or high levels of innate or demonstrated ability in any domain of human ability – intellectual, creative, social or physical. Being gifted and/or talented presents its own set of learning challenges which need to be addressed.
Special Needs is a term under which a staggering number of diagnoses can apply. On this site, "special needs" refers to children and young people who have learning problems which are primarily the result of extraordinary physical challenges or global learning delays.